Political-Electoral Rights of Women in Mexico

The electoral-political rights of women, which are human rights, are universal for all women. With elections in the near future, it is imperative to talk about them. Therefore, the Student Affairs Office and the Gender, Diversity and Inclusion Office at ITAM, along with the Network of Politologists, organized this talk about the book, Los derechos political-electorales de las mujeres en México (The Political-Electoral Rights of Women in Mexico), which featured the participation of the author, Dr. Gloria Ramírez.

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María del Carmen Alanís, president and co-founder of 12624 Consultoras, introduces the work of Dr. Ramírez. She begins by pointing out that the book is proof of how difficult it has been to reach the point where we are in terms of the political-electoral rights of women and, above all, what still remains to be achieved.

Dr. Ramírez began introducing her work by emphasizing the importance of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). The CEDAW was born out of the unstoppable struggle of women for their rights and it is considered an international bill of rights for women. Since it was adopted by the United Nations in 1979, it has allowed women to participate in politics more and more. As an international treaty ratified by Mexico, the Mexican state is obliged to comply with everything that is established in it. Seeing what the state did not comply with was what inspired the beginning of this work, the coordinator of the UNESCO Chair on Human Rights UNAM explained.

What are the political-electoral rights of women?

The book described what and which are the political-electoral rights of women, what CEDAW says about them, recommendations and articles related to women’s rights and analysis of judgements of the electoral court of the Judicial Branch of the Federation. The collection of this data in one place allows easier access to it and, therefore, facilitates its use.

Dr. Adriana Ortiz Ortega, VP for Gender, Diversity and Inclusion at ITAM, commented on how recent the discussion of women’s human rights is. She said it was not until the Vienna Convention in 1993 that they began to be categorized. She also recognized the role that Dr. Ramírez plays regarding issues related to women and her effort toward the idea of universality from the university level.

At the end of the talk, the speakers pointed out that Mexico is under the scrutiny of international organizations in charge of ensuring women’s rights because, while the country has made formal progress, in practice there is still much to be done. The upcoming elections will be very important to see where we are as a country. They call for discussion because it is in it that one learns more and with it, one continues to advance. “If everyone does their part, together we are more effective,” Dr. Ramírez concluded.

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